Produce commercial perfume and cosmetic sets
The fragrance category is as saturated as it is diverse. You have your celebrity perfumes and your fragrances created by fashion designers, clothing brands, and beauty moguls. There are the pick-up-at-the-mall body sprays and the mix-it-yourself bespoke scents you can only find at a boutique in Brooklyn. And in this sea of infinite scent choices, the prices can vary from as low as forty bucks to as costly as a month's rent in New York City — and no, we're not exaggerating. It's these latter options — these high-end, luxury eaus — that we find most fascinating and unattainable. Rare ingredients, unparalleled craftsmanship, and dazzling details like a Swavorski crystal-studded flacon are just a few reasons fragrances in this category are worthy of such opulence.
Dear readers! Our articles talk about typical ways to resolve Produce commercial perfume and cosmetic sets, but each case is unique.
If you want to know, how to solve your particular problem - contact the online consultant form on the right or call the numbers on the website. It is fast and free!
- Perfume ingredients website
- The Most Luxurious, Expensive Perfumes in the World
- Complete Guide to Niche Perfumes
- How to Start a Perfume Business
- The chemistry of cosmetics
- Perfume Concentrates
- 5 Mistakes Most Women Make When Wearing Perfume—And How to Fix Them
- Why are Fragrance Commercials so Strange?
Perfume ingredients website
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. The Perfume Handbook. Hamid Reza Negahdari. They include civet cats and a goat, from the beard of which labdanum is being combed.
Floating on the sea is ambergris. Enquiries conceming reproduction outside the terms stated here should be sent to the publishers at the London address printed on this page.
The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made.
In valleys made fertile by seasonal flood-waters lay the remains of an ancient civilization. I found inscriptions and the ruin sites of towns, palaces and temples.
Almost buried under the sand dunes were the tumbled walls of a great city. From here, two thousand years before, huge camel caravans had trudged their way along miles of burning sand and rocks to Petra and Gaza, burdened with a most precious cargo - frankincense, myrrh and other perfume materials for the courts, temples and perfume shops of Rome. My book Frankincense and Myrrh delved into the details of this romantic trade and led to a broader interest in the perfumes of ancient times.
Then, researching on behalf of a perfume house into the Arab contribution to perfumery, I came across the collection of perfume recipes assembled by the Arab philosopher-scientist Yaqub al-Kindi, which have never been translated into English some, which I have translated myself, are now included in an appendix to this book.
I realized that in that work I had found key evidence to demonstrate how the medieval Arab perfume makers had been the bridge in perfume history between ancient and modern times. Perfumery could now be seen as an art with a continuous history of development since the dawn of civilization.
This book has been compiled for a multitude of purposes, but among them is the object of affirming this continuity in the long story of perfumery. There is, therefore, no incongruity if an entry about a great 'classic' perfume of the 20th century appears next to one describing an unguent of ancient Greece; besides, both may well be found to contain some of the same exotic ingredients as were loaded on to camels in the spice market of that city in south-west Arabia all those centuries ago.
Hitherto, they have been faced with a bewildering range of fragrances but have had little information to guide their selection of them. Others for whom it is hoped this book will be of value include those people who may wish to try making fragrances themselves. For them brief guidance notes, under the heading 'Perfume Making at Home', supported by an appendix of recipes and formulas, will provide an introduction into a fascinating occupation.
Among other general monographs which will be found grouped together under the broad heading 'Perfume' is one on 'Perfume Containers', designed to help the growing number of persons who now follow the hobby of collecting perfume bottles. Throughout this work I have tried to give due recognition to the artists and craftsmen who design and manufacture the elegant and striking flacons in which perfumes are now contained.
There has always been a mystique in perfumery, but in modern times it has been overplayed. Many couture designers, concerned with nebulous objectives like the 'image' of their fashion houses, have preferred to keep the art of perfumery obscure, sometimes even so that it will appear they have personally created the fragrances they market.
Thus the skill of the highly trained perfumer, who alone is capable of assembling the multiple ingredients of a modern perfume into a satisfying compound see the entry for 'Perfume Creation' , has tended to be hidden under a cloak of anonymity.
It is hoped that this work will go some way towards reasserting the importance of the trained perfumer and reaffirming them as artists. I have sought to make this work technically acceptable to the botanist. In preparing entries for the many hundreds of plants used in perfumery which are recorded here, I have therefore, for the sake of accurate, scientific identification, given botanical names; but this inevitably leads to the problem of the constant changes of nomenclature as botanists discover, for example, that a plant found in one part of the world is identical with a plant found elsewhere and already named differently.
Where more than one botanical name has applied I have therefore quoted them all, using the conventional equation format, but I have not sought to put the currently definitive botanical name first in the equation, as that would have been too onerous and beyond my competence. I am grateful to Nigel Hepper, of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, for his help and advice over some botanical aspects, including the spelling of some of the botanical names, but he has seen only a portion of the text and errors in it are my own.
Inevitably in the writing of a book of this sort, there will be omissions and inaccuracies. For these I apologize. I would also be very grateful to hear of them, through the publishers, in the hope that they can be rectified should a second edition of this book be possible.
The photograph is by Claude Muzzin of Grasse. Line drawings are by the author except where otherwise stated. The design on the title page and section headings depicts Oak Moss see page Perfume bottles shown in the tail-piece drawing at the end of some of the alphabetical sections also reproduced below are as follows left to right : Patou '' ; Levy 'Escada' ; Guerlain 'Shalimar' ; Guerlain 'Mitsouko' ; Dior 'Diorissimo' ; DeVilbiss atomizer c.
Tettifer of the British Society of Perfumers. Recipes nos. A scented talcum powder sprinkled on clothes and linen in India. Composition of the powder varies; one variety is reportedly made from sandalwood, aloes, rose petals, zedoary, civet and kapur-kachri; another from curcuma, cardamon, cloves and sandalwood. Absinthe Oil see Wormwood Oil Absolute The essential oil of scented flowers and other aromatic plant parts in its purest and most concentrated form; this is obtained after stearoptene has been removed from the concrete by extraction with alcohol.
It is extremely expensive. Among the most important oils used in an absolute form are cassie, champac, clary sage, geranium, ylang- ylang, jasmine, labdanum, lavender, lily, mimosa, orange flower, rose, tuberose, violet and violet leaf. Acacia Different species of acacia produce cassie, mimosa and gum arabic. Acacia cavenia see Cassie dealbata see Mimosa farnesiana see Cassie floribunda see Mimosa gummifera see Gum Arabic nilotica see Gum Arabic senegal see Gum Arabic sorts see Gum Arabic Accord In perfumery this signifies a combination of a number of different scents which blend together to produce a new fragrance.
Acerra A small box in which the Romans kept, and sometimes burned, incense used in the temples during a sacrificial ceremony.
In ancient Greece it was called libanotris. See Roman Perfumes. Achillea agoratum see Maudlin decolorans see English Mace moschata see Iva Acorus calamus see Calamus Adiantum amabile see Scented Maidenhair Aframomum melegnata see Grains of Paradise African Myrrh see Bdellium Agar Wood see Aloewood Agastache anethiodora see Giant Hyssop pallidiclora see Giant Hyssop Aglaia The flowers of a tree Aglaia odorata, known to the Chinese as Yu-chu-Ian, are highly regarded in China for their exquisite fragrance and are used there for making joss sticks and scented necklaces and for flavouring tea.
They retain their perfume when dried and are widely used in sachets and pot pourri. Agrimony The dried flowers and leaves of Scented Agrimony Agrimonia odorata , a perennial herb native to N. Europe, including Britain, are used for scenting pillows and in pot pourri.
Agrumen Oils The collective term in perfumery for the essential oils of citrus fruits bergamot, colobot, cravo, grapefruit, lemon, lime, mandarin, bitter orange, sweet orange and tangerine. See also Hesperides. It is used in cosmetics and as an incense. The seeds have a strong thyme-like scent and an oil obtained from them is used as an antiseptic and to aid digestion.
The crushed seeds are dried for use in sachet powders and pot pourri. An oil called Ajowan Oil, sometimes known as Oman Water, is also distilled from the seeds of Ptychotis ajowan, cultivated in India. The seeds are used locally as a spice and the oil is occasionally used in soaps. The heartwood of the stems and roots is scented and used for making joss sticks and as an incense in temples.
Alant see Elecampane Alabastrum A vessel or pot used in Roman times to hold perfumed oils and unguents. They were usually made of alabaster or related stone agate or onyx , but the term was also used to describe such vessels made of other materials Theocritus speaks of 'golden alabastra'. Those for oils were usually tapering in shape, with a long narrow neck. Aldehyde An important group of chemicals, derived from alcohol and some natural plant materials. They form one of a number of chemical groups known as benzenoid compounds which were discovered at the end of the 19th century and are used in manufacturing synthetic materials for modern perfumes.
Anisic aldehyde, for example, provides the scent of hawthorn, while decylic aldehyde is used in reproducing the odours of violet, orris, neroli, cassie flowers, rose and orange.
Aldehydes can also give perfumes a distinctly individual fragrance of their own. In their pure state aldehydes possess such a powerful and persistent odour that a single drop spilt on a person's clothes will make them so odoriferous as to be objectionable. They have therefore to be used with extreme care and discretion and in minute quantities, when they are of great value to a perfumer, providing fragrances with a new richness and strength.
The use of aldehydes in perfumes was developed by Ernest Beaux for Chanel, leading to the first aldehydic perfume - 'Chane I No. A small perennial herb Alkanna tinctoria native to south-east Europe and Turkey but now grown widely. It has a large root from which a red dye, called Alkanna or Alkanet, is extracted by maceration in oil, fat or alcohol.
The dye was used to give perfumes an attractive red colour by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. In the 17th century, French women made a cosmetic ointment from it to give their cheeks 'an oriental glow'. It is still used for colouring infused oils and pomatums.
Green top notes cover a spicy, resinous heart which includes galbanum and nutmeg, with hints of rosewood, pine-needle and thyme, and a base note dominated by oak moss. The bottle was designed by Ira Levy. Africa, was used by the women of ancient Egypt to perfume their bodies. It is thought to be the ahaloth of the Bible St John , in which it was a perfuming agent, and was much used in ancient times as an ingredient of incenses.
But some scholars have suggested that the references to aloes in the Old Testament related to sandalwood. Aloe vera oil is still used in cosmetics, particularly as an emollient in skin-care preparations.
One of the most valuable of all perfume materials since it was introduced into Europe by the early Arabs during the 8th century AD.
Aloewood is the aromatic, resinous heartwood of a large evergreen tree Aquilaria agollocha, also A. The wood becomes resinous and fragrant due to a disease which makes part of the heartwood black, oily, very hard and heavier than water. Aloewood Oil is distilled from the infected wood and has an odour reminiscent of ambergris and sandalwood.
The early Arabs, who first obtained it from China, regarded it as one of the most desirable of all perfume materials and recognized ten different varieties. It was soon highly valued in Europe and became an important ingredient of pomanders. The dried wood left after distillation was used in sachets and pot pourri. The Eaglewood tree of Cambodia and Annam Aquilaria crasna produces a fragrant resin in the same manner. Aloewood should not be confused with Aloes.
Suggestions that it was the Aloes of the Bible are discounted. It is occasionally used in perfumery. Alpinia galanga see Galingale malaccensis see Galingale officinarum see Galingale Amantilla see Valerian Amaracus dictamus see Dittany Amarante A name given to a type of compound perfume.
The word means cock's comb or prince's feathers. Perfumes so named usually contain synthetic muguet, with rose, sandalwood, musk and jasmine to round off the bouquet.
The Most Luxurious, Expensive Perfumes in the World
There are thousands of different cosmetic products on the market, all with differing combinations of ingredients. Cosmetics are not a modern invention. Humans have used various substances to alter their appearance or accentuate their features for at least 10, years, and possibly a lot longer. Women in Ancient Egypt used kohl, a substance containing powdered galena lead sulphide—PbS to darken their eyelids, and Cleopatra is said to have bathed in milk to whiten and soften her skin. By B.
Now get a hint of tint and 8 hours of oil-free hydration with our new transforming BB-gel. Do you know what your skin needs? The wake-up call dull skin needs. Flawless full coverage, yet feels like nothing.
Complete Guide to Niche Perfumes
Beauty Makeup Dataset. You'll see port-wine stains most often. Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. This is a complete list of Sephora Italy locations along with their geographical coordinates. Now, such data and, likewise, large datasets in genetics or particle physics can be accessed and downloaded anywhere. With thousands of cosmetic products, varying from brands, colors, way-to-use, it is difficult to find a well-suited makeup style without professional suggestions. A makeup set is a must have commodity for anyone who fancies great looks. In: Asian Studies Review, Vol. Define physiological. Uncover startup trends, get company funding data.
How to Start a Perfume Business
I Forgot My Password. Shipping offer valid on orders shipped to US addresses. No offer code necessary. Shipping offer not applicable to Pro members.
Ingredients : Essential oils have the power to accelerate skin healing, study finds. Regulatory : Early bird tickets now on sale for Cosmetics Business Live! Marketing : The top beauty and wellness searches for revealed.
The chemistry of cosmetics
In the following 3 chapters, you will quickly find the 24 most important statistics relating to "Fragrance Market in the U. The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Fragrance Market in the U. Feel free to contact us anytime using our contact form or visit our FAQ page.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Here's how your designer perfume is really made - CNBC Reports
But wearing fragrance well requires a little more skill and finesse. And that tendency you have toward dressing your wrists and then rubbing them together? And, sure, while a bottle of Chanel No. Fortunately, a few simple tweaks can set you back on the right olfactory course. Here are five common mistakes women make when it comes to buying and wearing perfume —and how to fix them in a flash.
Since the beginning of recorded history, humans have attempted to mask or enhance their own odor by using perfume, which emulates nature's pleasant smells. Many natural and man-made materials have been used to make perfume to apply to the skin and clothing, to put in cleaners and cosmetics, or to scent the air. Because of differences in body chemistry, temperature, and body odors, no perfume will smell exactly the same on any two people. Perfume comes from the Latin "per" meaning "through" and "fumum," or "smoke. The oil was then burned to scent the air.
Rosebud Perfume Company, Inc. Some 3, chemicals are used as fragrances. We simply ask the consumer to compare the price, style, scent, character, ingredients and quality of the designer brand products to EDEN Perfumes's products. A favourite scent been discontinued? Visit the Prada official e-store, find out the New Prada Fragrances collection for Women and buy online now.
5 Mistakes Most Women Make When Wearing Perfume—And How to Fix Them
Ancient texts and archaeological excavations show the use of perfumes in some of the earliest human civilizations. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin or coumarin , which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone. The word perfume derives from the Latin perfumare , meaning "to smoke through".
Why are Fragrance Commercials so Strange?
For visibly rejuvenated skin. Enhancing Lash Primer. Featuring Zendaya.
Он ахнул. Миллиард долларов. Соблазнительный образ Кармен тут же улетучился. Код ценой в один миллиард долларов. Некоторое время он сидел словно парализованный, затем в панике выбежал в коридор.
Но она этого не сделала. - Сьюзан, сядь. Она не обратила внимания на его просьбу. - Сядь. - На этот раз это прозвучало как приказ. Сьюзан осталась стоять.
Это было радостное избавление от вечного напряжения, связанного с ее служебным положением в АНБ. В один из прохладных осенних дней они сидели на стадионе, наблюдая за тем, как футбольная команда Рутгерса громит команду Джорджтауне кого университета. - Я забыла: как называется вид спорта, которым ты увлекаешься? - спросила Сьюзан.